The Return of the Chain Gang? Xackery Irving’s American Chain Gangs

Some jails in the US have attempted to reinstate the chain gang. Do you think this is a viable option? Here is a trailer for Xackery Irving's American Chain Gangs. I recommend watching the film to see the complexity of the situation and the dangers we face as a society. Jails in Alabama and Arizona … Continue reading The Return of the Chain Gang? Xackery Irving’s American Chain Gangs

Visible and Invisible Chains: Toni Morrison’s Beloved

How do people survive horrible experiences? In Beloved, Toni Morrison gives an illustration of resilience and how fragile it is. When good hearted Paul D. appears on Sethe's porch one day in 1873 neither has any idea how his arrival will shake their lives and their Ohio community. It isn't that he carries a secret. It is … Continue reading Visible and Invisible Chains: Toni Morrison’s Beloved